To know how the festas juninas came about It is necessary to travel through the centuries and reach the years before the Christian era, when the origin of the event is recorded.
Festa junina and its origin
Just as many religious festivals are celebrated until today, the origin of the June festival is a page, or rather, a people who cultivated various gods and not just one as happens with most religions today. In the northern hemisphere, the origin of the festival is associated with the various celebrations held in the summer solsticeThis refers to the longest day and the shortest night of the year, which occurs on 21 or 22 June. This period is also marked by the beginning of the colheitas and, for this reason, the peoples of Antiquity, like the Egyptians and Celts, made rituals to ask for food.
Even with the advent of Christianity, when the festivals were forbidden, the people continued with their old creations and celebrations. For this reason, approximately in the 10th century, in Europe, the church decided to adapt these festivals, in order to Christianize them. Thus, instead of celebrating fertility, they were included in the same date to pay homage to the three saints mentioned.
How did the June festivities come about in Brazil?
In addition, it is important to say that the june festivals did not arise not Brazil Only due to the colonization of the European peoples, since, curiously, the Indians here also carry out, at the same time, similar parties, even though in Brazil the month of June marks the beginning of winter.
However, historians have indications that the Indians celebrate agriculture in more than one month with dances, songs and much food. In this way, as it happens with a great part of the religious festivities in the country, the indigenous customs were melted with the Portuguese Jesuit fathers, resulting in a celebration closer to the one we see today. On one hand, the homage to the saintsIn addition, there is an abundance of food and drinks, many of which are associated with typical Brazilian dishes, such as milho, manioc, amendoim and batata-doce. The Portuguese already add pipoca, fubá and quentão, among others.
Already caipiric cliffs which is a registered trademark of the festival reflecting the Brazil of the 20th century, when more than half of the Brazilian population lived in rural areas. However, the quadrilha is a dance of French origin, in which the pairs make happy choreographed sequences of movements. While this, a fogueiraNela, a mother from São João Batista, Santa Isabel, went to the Virgin Mary, who was going to make a booklet to inform her of the birth of her child.
Even though it is a national holiday, each region of the country increases the commemoration with some particularities, such as music. It’s the way, the way you touch yourself that is traditional in each place. In the northeast of Brazil, the biggest june festivals take place, and in their states the most present compositions are by the Pernambuco Sanfoneiro Luiz Gonzaga, while in the southeastern region, the composers João de Barro, Lamartine Babo and Adalberto Ribeiro are often heard.
Finally, you can’t leave the side of the sympathies that are so repeated in this time of year. Most of them are for Santo Antônio, the most required by the single girls. The balls that decorate the festas juninas also have a religious character, once it is proven that they carry the orders for São João.