Republic Day marks the adoption of the constitution of India and the transition of the country to a republic on January 26, 1950. Every year, the celebrations marking the day feature spectacular military and cultural pageantry..
Why is 15 August celebrated?
Indian Independence Day is observed every year on August 15 since the year 1947 when the British left India for good.
Who is called as father of Indian Constitution?
Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar is known as the father of the Indian Constitution. He was the then Law Minister who introduced the final draft of the Constitution in the Constituent Assembly.
Which country got freedom first?
Colonies, Protectorates and Mandates
|Country||Pre-independence name (different)||Year of independence or first stage|
When was first Independence Day celebrated?
On July 8, 1776, the first public readings of the Declaration were held in Philadelphia’s Independence Square to the ringing of bells and band music. One year later, on July 4, 1777, Philadelphia marked Independence Day by adjourning Congress and celebrating with bonfires, bells and fireworks.
Who is the youngest country?
South Sudan (2011)
Unfortunately, even after gaining independence, civil wars continued in this young country until a recent peace agreement in 2020. Currently, South Sudan is the youngest country in the world.
What is the smallest country in world?
With only 0.44 km², the Vatican in the heart of Rome is by far the smallest country in the world.
The smallest countries by area.
|Country||Holy See (Vatican City)|
|Population per km²||2,272.73|
Why is July 4th celebrated?
Independence Day. On July 4, 1776, the Second Continental Congress unanimously adopted the Declaration of Independence, announcing the colonies’ separation from Great Britain.
Who created 4th of July? On July 4th, the Continental Congress formally adopted the Declaration of Independence, which had been written largely by Jefferson.
Who wrote our Constitution?
|Constitution of India|
|Author(s)||B. R. Ambedkar (Chairman of the Drafting Committee) B. N. Rau (Constitutional Advisor to the Constituent Assembly) Surendra Nath Mukherjee (Chief Draftsman of the Constituent Assembly) and other members of Constituent Assembly|
|Signatories||284 members of the Constituent Assembly|
What happened in August 1947?
On 15 August 1947 India became independent from the British Empire following the Independence Movement led by Mahatma Gandhi and his message of nonviolent resistance. The handover of power was overseen by Lord Mountbatten, the last viceroy of India.
Who drafted 370 article?
Ayyangar was the chief drafter of Article 370 which granted local autonomy to the state of Jammu and Kashmir.
Who signed Indian Constitution first?
Signatures of Members of the Constitution Assembly, 24 January 1949: Page 1. Dr. Rajendra Prasad signing the Indian Constitution on 24 January 1950.
Why is July 5th a holiday?
The United States celebrates Independence Day on July 4 every year. In 2021, that falls on a Sunday, so Monday, July 5, is the associated Federal holiday. Government offices and many businesses will be closed.
Who is the 1st president of India? Rajendra Prasad, (born December 3, 1884, Zeradei, India—died February 28, 1963, Patna), Indian politician, lawyer, and journalist who was the first president of the Republic of India (1950–62).
Who was the first prime minister of India? Jawaharlal Nehru, was 58 when he started the long innings of 17 years as free India’s first Prime Minister.
Why did Britishers leave India? “[Prime Minister] Attlee cited several reasons [for leaving India], the most important of which were the INA activities of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, which weakened the very foundation of the British Empire in India, and the RIN [Royal Indian Navy] Mutiny which made the British realise that the Indian armed forces
Who is the 1st President of India?
Rajendra Prasad, (born December 3, 1884, Zeradei, India—died February 28, 1963, Patna), Indian politician, lawyer, and journalist who was the first president of the Republic of India (1950–62).
Who wrote Preamble of India?
The Preamble of the Indian Constitution is based on the ‘Objectives Resolution’, drafted and moved by Pandit Nehru, and adopted by the Constituent Assembly. It was moved by Nehru on December 13, 1946, and adopted by the Constituent Assembly on January 22, 1947.
How many states are in India?
States and Union Territories
The system of government in states closely resembles that of the Union. There are 28 states and 8 Union territories in the country. Union Territories are administered by the President through an Administrator appointed by him/her.
Who was the 1st prime minister?
Since 1947 India has had 15 prime ministers. Jawaharlal Nehru was the India’s first prime minister, serving as prime minister of the Dominion of India from 15 August 1947 until 26 January 1950, and thereafter of the Republic of India until his death in May 1964. (India conducted its first general elections in 1952.
Who was India’s first female president?
Chief Justice of India K. G. Balakrishnan administering the oath of office to new President Pratibha Patil. December 19, 1934, is the 12th President of India. She is the first woman and the first Maharashtrian to hold this post.
Why Dr Ambedkar is famous?
B. R. Ambedkar was popularly known as Babasaheb Ambedkar and everyone knows that he was one of the architects of the Indian Constitution. He was a very well-known political leader, eminent jurist, Buddhist activist, philosopher, anthropologist, historian, orator, writer, economist, scholar and editor, too.
Which is the biggest Jayanti in the world?
Ambedkar Jayanti ( also known as Bhim Jayanti) is celebrated on 14 April to commemorate the birth anniversary of Babasaheb Dr Bhim Rao Ambedkar.
Was Ambedkar a freedom fighter? Dr. Ambedkar was a freedom fighter of the truest kind, not merely dreaming of setting India force from British rule, but of transforming India into a country where freedom holds meaning for everyone. He dedicated his life for uplifting of the Dalits.